There are a number of pieces of equipment that can be used to track the movement of your fleet and the number of hours your drivers have been on the road. The E Log or ELD (Electronic Logging Device) is one of the most basic of these devices. ELDs are now mandated by the Federal government for moving freight between locations. There are a number of reasons it has been mandated, one of the primary reasons being driver safety.
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What is the ELD Mandate?
The ELD is used to record data pertaining to vehicle operation and driver activity. The main information collected about the drive is the Hours of Service (HOS). The HOS shows the number of hours the driver has been active behind the wheel and how many hours of rest they have got.
The reason ELDs have been mandated by the government is due to the increasing number of accidents that can directly be linked to driver fatigue. The Federal Government passed a law in 1937 mandating all drivers to maintain service records in physical documents. The ELD mandate requires drivers to replace their paper logs and the previous versions of driver logs that were maintained by Automatic On-Board Recording Device (AOBRD) with ELDs for increased accuracy and transparency.
Who Needs to Comply with the ELD Mandate?
The ELD mandate covers all commercial driving operations that are required to maintain the HOS of drivers. Basically, anyone who was using the previous methods of maintaining driver logs. The ELD mandate is applicable to:
- Vehicles that carry hazardous materials (placarded hazmat loads).
- Vehicles weighing 10,001 pounds or more.
- Interstate commercial vehicles that currently record the driver’s HOS.
- Vehicles transporting more than 8 to 15 persons.
There are exemptions to the EDL mandate as well, these are:
- Drivers that operate within 100 nautical miles of their base.
- Freight drivers that do not have a Commercial Drivers License (CDL) and operate with a 150 nautical mile radius from their base.
- Vehicles manufactured before the year 2000.
- Two truck operators.
- No-docking rental vehicles.
The Benefits of Using an ELD
There are three main areas where drivers can incur penalties while hauling cargo. The E Log uses telemetrics from the vehicle to maintain accurate driver logs. The three reasons a driver may be penalized on the road are:
- Inaccurate or outdated logs.
- Not maintaining a log.
- Driving more hours than allowed daily.
The E Log maintains all the required data for a driver automatically, giving the driver peace of mind when they arrive at a Department of Transport (DOT) checkpoint. The fact that it reduces the possibility of being penalized also reduces the cost the company may need to incur.
What is Asset Tracking?
Asset tracking is the use of data to locate your cargo or assets. Modern-day asset tracking involves a number of devices that can also greatly increase the efficiencies of your fleet. The devices used for asset tracking are GPS trackers, Dashcams, and E Logs. Each one of these devices plays a role in providing a more clear picture of the status of your assets.
There are a number of GPS trackers on the market that are used for a variety of different purposes. There are two main types of GPS trackers on the market, Active GPS trackers and Passive GPS trackers.
Active GPS Trackers
Active GPS trackers provide a real-time feed of the location of the asset. Due to the fact that these devices provide a real-time feed of the asset they are usually used in vehicle tracking and fleet tracking.
Passive GPS Trackers
Passive GPS Trackers store all the GPS data onboard and need to be removed from the asset and connected to a computer to view the data. Passive GPS trackers are used more in immobile objects that go through vehicle transfers.
Electronic Logs collect telemetry data from the vehicle and store it on board. This data includes things like miles run, hours of service, engine idle time. Some E Logs even provide a certification of driver records every 24 hours. E Logs can also display the report to DOT officials on demand for verification. The information that the E Log records is:
- Engine Running Hours
- Driver Identification
- User Authentication
- Vehicle Miles
- Vehicle Details
Dash Cams are used to provide a video feed of the events. There is a large variety of dash cams that come with a variety of features. Some dash cams can even come 4G or WiFi enable to provide anyone monitoring the activities of the truck a live video feed on the activities taking place. The other major advantage of a dashcam is the feature of event tagging. There are a number of dash cams that detect any irregular behavior like sudden acceleration or deceleration. When the dashcam detects these types of activities, it tags that piece of the video so that you can easily navigate to that portion of the video and view the incident.